Risk Assessment Tools
Patients may want to utilize one or more of the cancer risk assessment tools below to initially evaluate their risk for cancer and/or their risk for certain gene mutations. Patients should keep in mind that these tools have limitations, and they should discuss their results with a medical professional.
General Cancer Risk Assessment
Gail Model for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment
An interactive tool designed by scientists at the National Cancer Institute to estimate a woman's risk of developing invasive breast cancer. This tool is designed for use by health professionals. If you are not a health professional, you are encouraged to discuss the results with your doctor.
This calculator predicts the chance of an individual developing prostate cancer if a prostate biopsy has been performed. The risk assessment tool is only applicable to men who are age 55 or older, have no previous diagnosis of prostate cancer, and have prostate specific antigen and digital rectal examination results less than 1 year old.
Cancer Risk: Understanding the Puzzle
This is an interactive website which helps patients to make informed decisions about how to lower their cancer risk. It also allows patients to explore their risk and steps to reduce risk for six types of cancer, including breast, cervical, colorectal, lung, prostate, and skin cancer.
This table is part of the Susan G. Komen for the Cure website. It lists all known factors which can modify risk for breast cancer and the level of risk or protection that each factor may provide.
This is an interactive tool is designed to estimate a person's absolute risk of developing invasive melanoma. The tool helps clinicians identify individuals at higher risk of melanoma in order to plan appropriate screening interventions with them.
Women's Cancer Network of the Gynecologic Cancer Foundation: Risk Assessment Survey
This short survey was devised by gynecologic experts and asks both personal and medical questions to determine a woman's individual risk of developing certain common gynecologic cancers.
This Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool helps to determine the relative risks for cancer diagnosis in three different areas of the colon and rectum based on known risk factors. These risk factors include: history of CRC screening, body mass index, and family history of CRC.
Hereditary Cancer Risk Assessment
This model can be used to predict the likelihood that an individual has a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, which poses an increased risk to develop breast and ovarian cancer and potentially other cancers as well. Keep in mind this tool does not predict breast cancer risk but focuses on the possibility of an individual having a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. This tool was developed for healthcare professionals to use, so patients should be sure to share this information with their healthcare providers.