Publications - 1995-1998


  1. Kirwan JP, O'Gorman D, Evans WJ. A moderate glycemic meal before endurance exercise can enhance performance. J App Physiol 84 (1): 53-59, 1998.
  2. Larsson L. The Age-related Motor Disability: Underlying mechanisms in skeletal muscle at the motor unit, cellular and molecular level. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 163: S27-S29, 1998.
  3. Legro RS. Genetics of polycystic ovary syndrome, In. Gynecology and Obstetrics, Sciarra JJ (eds). Lippincott-Raven., Chapter 94, Vol 5, pp. 1-9, 1998.
  4. Legro RS, Driscoll D, Strauss JF III, Fox J, Dunaif A. Evidence for a genetic basis for hyperandrogenemia in polycystic ovary syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci 95: 14956-14960, 1998.
  5. Legro RS, Finegood D, Dunaif A. A fasting glucose to insulin ratio is a useful measure of insulin sensitivity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab83:2694-2698, 1998.
  6. Legro RS. Polycystic ovary syndrome: Current and future treatment paradigms. Am J Obstet Gynecol 179: S101-S108, 1998.
  7. Legro RS, Spielman R, Urbanek M, Driscoll D, Strauss J III, Dunaif A. Phenotype and genotype in polycystic ovary syndrome. Recent Progress in Hormone Research 53: 217-256, 1998.
  8. Lloyd T, Chinchilli VM, Rollings N, Kieselhorst K, Tregea DF, Henderson NA, Sinoway LI. Fruit consumption, fitness, and cardiovascular health in female adolescents: the Penn State Young Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 67: 624-630, 1998.
  9. Lloyd T, Johnson-Rollings N, Kieselhorst K, Mauger E. Dietary caffeine intake is not correlated with adolescent bone gain. J Am Coll Nutr 17: 454-457,1998.
  10. MacLean DA, Sinoway LI, Leuenberger UA. Systemic hypoxia elevates skeletal muscle interstitial adenosine levels in humans. Circulation 98(19): 1990-1992, 1998.
  11. Minson CT, Wladkowski SL, Cardell AF, Pawelczyk JA, Kenney WL. Age alters the cardiovascular response to direct passive heating. J Appl Physiol 84: 1323-1332, 1998.
  12. Mostoufi-Moab S, Widmaier EJ, Cornett JA, Gray K, Sinoway LI. Forearm training reduces the exercise pressor reflex during ischemic rhythmic handgrip. J Appl Physiol 84(1): 277-283, 1998.
  13. Shoemaker JK, Hogeman CS, Leuenberger UA, Herr MD, Gray K, Silber DH, Sinoway LI. Sympathetic discharge and vascular resistance after bed rest. J Appl Physiol 84(2): 612-617, 1998.
  14. Shoemaker JK, Hogeman CS, Silber DH, Gray K, Herr M, Sinoway LI. Head-down tilt bed rest alters forearm vasodilator and vasoconstrictor responses. J Appl Physiol 84(5): 1756-1762, 1998.
  15. Silber DH, Sutliff G, Yang QX, Smith MB, Sinoway LI, Leuenberger UA. Altered mechanisms of sympathetic activation during rhythmic forearm exercise in heart failure. J Appl Physiol 84(5): 1551-1559, 1998.
  16. Startzell JK, Cavanagh PR. A three dimensional approach to the calculation of foot clearance during locomotion. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on the 3-D analysis of human movement. Chattanooga, TN: University of Tennessee at Chattanooga; 1998; 136-139.
  17. van Deursen RWM, Cavanagh PR, van Ingen Schenau J, Becker MB, Ulbrecht JS. The role of cutaneous information in a contact control task of the leg in humans. Human Movement Science 17: 95-120, 1998.
  18. van Deursen WM, Sanchez MM, Ulbrecht JS, Cavanagh PR. The role of muscle spindles in ankle movement perception in human subjects with diabetic neuropathy. Exp Brain Res 120(1): 1-8, 1998.


  1. Brooks EM, Morgan AL, Pierzga JM, Wladkowski SL, O'Gorman JT, Derr JA, Kenney WL. Chronic hormone replacement therapy alters thermoregulatory and vasomotor function in postmenopausal women. J Appl Physiol 83: 477-484, 1997.
  2. Cavanagh P, Mulfinger L, Owens A. How do the elderly negotiate stairs?. Muscle & Nerve 5: S52-S55, 1997.
  3. Cheung JY, Zhang XQ, Bokvist K, Tillotson DL, Miller BA. Modulation of calcium channels in human erythroblasts by erythropoietin. Blood 89(1): 92-100, 1997.
  4. Crawford P, Good PA, Gutierrez E, Feinberg JH, Boehmer JP, Silber DH, Sinoway LI. Effects of supplemental oxygen on forearm vasodilation in humans. J Appl Physiol 82(5): 1601-1606, 1997.
  5. Farquhar WB, Kenney WL. NSAIDs and renal function during exercise. Gatorade Sports, Science Exchange 47: 1-6, 1997.
  6. Finkelstein JW, Susman EJ, Chinchilli VM, Kinselman, SJ, D'Arcangelo MR, Schwab J, Demers LM, Liben LS, Lookingbill G, Kulin HE. Estrogen or testosterone increases self-reported aggressive behaviors in hypogonadal adolescents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 82: 2423-2438, 1997.
  7. Ho CW, Beard JL, Farrell PA, Minson CT, Kenney WL. Age, fitness, and regional blood flow during exercise in the heat. J Appl Physiol 82: 1126-1135, 1997.
  8. Kulin HE, Finkelstein JW, D'Arcangelo MR, Susman EJ, Chinchilli V, Kunselman S, Schwab J, Demers L, Lookingbill G. Diversity of pubertal testosterone changes in boys with constitutional delay in growth and/or adolescence. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism 10: 395-400, 1997.
  9. Legro RS, Dunaif A. Menstrual disorders in insulin resistant states. Diabetes Spectrum 10: 185-190, 1997.
  10. Lloyd T, Rollings N, Eggli DF, Kieselhorst K, Chinchilli VM. Dietary caffeine intake and bone status of postmenopausal women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 65: 1826-1830, 1997.
  11. MacLean DA, Saltin B, Radegran G, Sinoway LI. Femoral arterial injection of adenosine in humans elevates MSNA via central but not peripheral mechanisms. J Appl Physiol 83(4): 1045-1053, 1997.
  12. Minson CT, Kenney WL. Age and cardiac output during cycle exercise in thermoneutral and warm environments. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 29: 75-81, 1997.
  13. Minson, CT, Kenney WL. Age and cardiac output during cycle exercise in thermoneutral and warm environments. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 29(1): 75-81, 1997.
  14. Shoemaker JK, Pandey P, Herr MD, Silber DH, Yang QX, Smith MB, Gray K, Sinoway LI. Augmented sympathetic tone alters muscle metabolism with exercise: lack of evidence for functional sympatholysis. J Appl Physiol 82(6): 1932-1938, 1997.
  15. Vgontzas AN, Bixler EO, Papanicolaou DA, Kales A, Stratakis CA, Vela-Bueno A, Gold PW, Chrousos GP. Rapid eye movement sleep correlates with the overall activities of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic system in healthy humans. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 82: 3278-3280, 1997.
  16. Vgontzas AN, Papanicolaou DA, Bixler EP, Kales A, Tyson K, Chrousos GP. Elevation of plasma cytokines in sleep disturbance and obesity. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 82: 1313-1316, 1997.
  17. Williamson DL, Kirwan JP. A single bout of concentric resistance exercise increases basal metabolic rate 48 hours after exercise in healthy 59-77 year-old men. Journal of Gerontology 52: M352-M355, 1997.
  18. Zhang M-Y, Clawson GA, Olivieri NF, Bell LB, Begley CG, Miller BA. Expression of SCL is normal in Diamond-Blackfan anemia but other bHLH proteins are deficient. Blood 90: 2068-2074, 1997.


  1. Cavanagh PR, Ulbrecht JS, Caputo GM. Biomechanical aspects of diabetic foot disease: aetiology, treatment, and prevention. Diabetic Medicine 13: S17-S22, 1996.
  2. Chinchilli VM, Martel JK, Kumanyika S, Lloyd T. A weighted concordance correlation coefficient for repeated measurement designs. Biometrics 52: 341-353, 1996.
  3. Dunaif A, Finegood DT. B-cell dysfunction independent of obesity and glucose intolerance in the polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 81: 942-947, 1996.
  4. Dunaif A, Scott D, Finegood D, Quintana B, Whitcomb R. The insulin-sensitizing agent troglitazone improves metabolic and reproductive abnormalities in the polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 81: 3299-3306, 1996.
  5. Ettinger SM, Silber DH, Collins BG, Gray KS, Sutliff G, Whisler SK, McClain JM, Smith MB, Yang QX, Sinoway LI. Influences of gender on sympathetic nerve responses to static exercise. J Appl Physiol 80(1): 245-251, 1996.
  6. Haque WA, Boehmer J, Clemson BS, Leuenberger UA, Silber DH, Sinoway LI. Hemodynamic effects of supplemental oxygen administration in congestive heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 27(2): 353-357, 1996.
  7. Kulin HE. Extensive personal experience. Delayed puberty. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 81(10): 3460-3464, 1996.
  8. Legro RS, Dunaif A. The role of insulin resistance in polycystic ovary syndrome. The Endocrinologist 6: 307-321, 1996.
  9. Leuenberger U, Gaul L, Noack H, Gubin S, Zelis, R. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and the norepinephrine spillover response to dynamic exercise. J Appl Physiol 81(3): 1138-1142, 1996.
  10. Lloyd T, Martel JK, Rollings N, Andon MB, Kulin H, Demers LM, Eggli DF, Kieselhorst K, Chinchilli VM. The effect of calcium supplementation and Tanner Stage on bone density, content and area of teenage women. Osteoporosis Int 6: 276-283, 1996.
  11. Luck JC, Hoover RJ, Biederman RW, Ettinger SM, Sinoway LI, Leuenberger UA. Observations on carotid sinus hypersensitivity from direct intraneural recordings of sympathetic nerve traffic. Am J Cardiol 77(15): 1362-1365, 1996.
  12. Miller BA, Bell L, Hansen CA, Robishaw JD, Linder ME, Cheung JY. G-protein a subunit Gia2 mediates erythropoietin signal transduction in human erythroid precursors. J Clin Invest 98: 1728-1736, 1996.
  13. Nelson ME, Fiatarone MA, Layne JE, Trice I, Economos CD, Fielding RA, Ma R, Pierson RN, Evans WJ. Analysis of body-composition techniques and models for detecting change in soft tissue with strength training. Am J Clin Nutr 63: 678-686, 1996.
  14. Simoneau GG, Derr JA, Ulbrecht JAS, Becker MB, Cavanagh PR. Diabetic sensory neuropathy effect on ankle joint movement perception. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 77: 453-460, 1996.
  15. Sinoway LI. Neural responses to exercise in humans. Implications for congestive heart failure. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 23: 693-699, 1996.
  16. Sinoway L, Shenberger J, Leaman G, Zelis R, Gray K, Baily R, Leuenberger U. Forearm training attenuates sympathetic responses to prolonged rhythmic forearm exercise. J Appl Physiol 81(4): 1778-1784, 1996.
  17. Waradekar NV, Sinoway LI, Zwillich CW, Leuenberger UA. Influence of treatment on muscle sympathetic nerve activity in sleep apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 153: 1333-1338, 1996.
  18. Zappe DH, Bell GW, Swartzentruber H, Wideman RF, Kenney WL. Age and regulation of fluid and electrolyte balance during repeated exercise sessions. Am J Physiol 270: R71-R79, 1996.


  1. Chen F, Kuhn DC, Sun SC, Gaydos LJ, Demers LM. Dependence and reversal of nitric oxide production on NF-kB in silica and lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophages. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 214(3): 839-846, 1995.
  2. Chen F, Sun SC, Kuhn DC, Gaydos LJ, Demers LM. Essential role of NF-kB activation in silica-induced inflammatory mediator production in macrophages. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 214(3): 985-992, 1995.
  3. Kuhn DC, Demers LM. Effect of surfactant on basal and silica-induced eicosanoid production by the alveolar macrophage. Am J Physiol 269: L165-L170, 1995.