Specialty Services

Comprehensive Assessment and Treatment

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Specialty Services

Pre-Assessment for Inpatient Rehabilitation

Comprehensive evaluations of patients who may need high-intensity physical, occupational, and speech therapy services can be performed at the request of families, referring physicians, and patients. Patients who satisfy the insurance and medical necessity entrance requirements may be directly admitted to the inpatient rehabilitation hospital from the clinic.

Inpatient Rehabilitation

Penn State Hershey physicians lead a team of rehabilitation professionals that provide comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation at the Penn State Hershey Rehabilitation Hospital for patients who need to maximize independence and who may also need a smooth transition to the next therapeutic setting (home-based rehabilitation, sub-acute rehabilitation, outpatient therapy or long-term care). The inpatient rehabilitation hospital provides individualized treatment a minimum of three hours of intensive therapy a day, five-days-a-week, specialized rehabilitation nursing and a highly skilled staff. One wing is specially designed for patients with brain injury and stroke, and other areas for spinal cord injury, pediatric rehabilitation, and a variety of medical and surgical conditions that require comprehensive rehabilitation services. In addition, there is coordination with outpatient rehabilitation services, patient and family education, and peer support groups. The inpatient program serves adults and children of all ages in spacious private rooms.

Neurological Disorders

Penn State Hershey Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation offers inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation to adult and pediatric patients with injuries to the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system. Providers can assist patients with identifying community based services and durable medical equipment that may allow patients to remain in their homes. Therapeutic treatment for spasticity is offered through the use of medication, such as botulinum toxin.

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal rehabilitation is a physician-supervised program for persons with loss of function in ambulation or mobility due to disease, disorders or trauma to the muscles and/or bones. The goal of musculoskeletal rehabilitation is to improve functional capacity, eliminate or reduce symptoms, and improve quality of life. Some of the conditions that may benefit from musculoskeletal rehabilitation include, but are not limited to amputations, sprains, strains, joint dislocations, fractures, back pain, osteoporosis, arthritis, tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, sports injuries, and the outcome of treatments for bone
tumors and joints that need replacement.

Pain Management

If you suffer from acute or chronic pain, Penn State Hershey Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physicians may be able to help you. Common pain problems treated include spinal pain, intervertebral disc disease, spinal stenosis, facet joint pain, radicular pain, vertebral compression fracture, failed back surgery syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, post herpetic neuralgia, neuropathic pain, myofascial pain, and cancer pain.

Electrodiagnostic Studies

Penn State Hershey Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physicians are trained in conducting and interpreting electromyograms (EMGs) and nerve conduction studies (NCS). These are tests that evaluate the muscles and nerves, and can diagnose a condition that may cause pain, numbness and/or weakness that results from a disorder or injury to muscles or nerves.

Limb Amputation

Penn State Hershey Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physicians specialize in the evaluation of patients with amputation of the upper or lower extremities and in the management of the residual limb. These doctors can also provide prescriptions for new or replacement prosthesis and coordinate ongoing care with prosthetics and physical or occupational therapists to maximize function.

Spinal Cord Injury

Penn State Hershey Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation provide comprehensive evaluation and management of persons with injury or disease of the spinal cord, including management of spasticity and neurogenic bladder and bowel disorders. They can become involved in the care of patients with spinal cord injuries in the first days following injury and may continue to coordinate non-operative care throughout a patient's lifetime.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Penn State Hershey Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physicians assess, treat, and manage the functional impairments and disabilities that occur as a result of a traumatic or acquired brain injury. They prescribe treatments and direct a rehabilitation team that may include a neuropsychologist, physical and occupational therapist, and speech therapist.

Pediatric Rehabilitation

Penn State Hershey Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physicians participate in many multidisciplinary clinics for pediatric patients with brain, spinal cord, and other disorders which include cerebral palsy, spina bifida, and muscular dystrophy. The focus is on maximizing function through use of non-operative treatments including injection of botulinum toxin for spasticity, which can be done under sedation, if needed.

Penn State Hershey Spine Center

Penn State Hershey Spine Center - a unique collaboration between the Departments of Orthopaedics, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Neurosurgery, Neuroradiology, and Anesthesiology - provides comprehensive diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders of the spine. Specialists offer non-operative treatment options that maximize function, relieve pain, and help patients return to their lives. Patients who require operative or other interventional treatments are referred to the appropriate surgical or interventional service.

Special Outpatient Clinical Services

These include, but are not limited to, return to work assessments and private pilot flight physical examinations for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Please call for more information.