SimMan Universal Patient Simulator
Laerdal's SimMan 3G is a portable, wireless manikin which is well suited to running cases in the Center as well as throughout the institution. It consists of a full body manikin, a wireless instructor's control laptop, and a wireless simulated patient monitor.
The manikin has the ability to interact with the users in a number of realistic ways, including bilateral pulses, heart / lung / bowel sounds, reactive pupils and customizable voice recordings (as answers to the learner's questions). These interactions can be used as triggers to automatically move to another state in a pre-programmed scenario.
The airway is sophisticated enough to challenge all levels of trainee expertise. For beginning providers, the airway can be easier to intubate or mask ventilate. Breath sounds would be normal. For the more advanced user, many problems can be simulated, including swelling in the hypopharynx or tongue, decreased cervical range of motion, and trismus.
Defibrillation and pacing are possible using standard patient equipment. The program can be set up to either respond to the energy with a heart rhythm change or to ignore it, sending trainees further down the treatment pathway.
Vital signs can be changed on the fly, or can be programmed to change from one value to another over a given amount of time. The interface is very intuitive and easy to use, enabling the instructor to run simple cases by themselves while teaching, if they choose to.
A log is available that includes both user interventions, such as chest compressions or pulse checks, and instructor-entered information that the manikin cannot sense, such as a trainee calling for help. This log can also be used in conjunction with the optional video camera recording system for on-the-spot debriefings after a case.